Heart Attack – Causes And Risk Factors

For many years, our body builds up fatty deposits which narrow arteries throughout your body. You can avoid getting a heart attack by improving or eliminating many of the following risk factors –

  • Age – Men who are above 45 age or older and women who are 55 age or older are more likely to have a heart attack than younger people.

 

  • The family history of heart attack – If your parents, or relatives had heart attacks (male relatives at age 55 and female relatives at age 65), then it puts you in high risk of getting heart attack too.

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  • A history of preeclampsia – This is a condition which causes high blood pressure during pregnancy due to which there is an increased lifetime risk of heart disease.

 

  • An autoimmune condition – Having a condition such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus can increase your risk of heart attack.

 

  • Diabetes – People who have diabetes problem are more susceptible to get a heart attack as they have low insulin levels and high blood sugar levels.

 

  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels – An extreme level of LDL (the “bad” cholesterol) can narrow arteries whereas HDL (the “good” cholesterol) lowers your risk of heart attack. A high level of triglycerides acts as a type of blood fat which comes from your diet can increase your risk of heart attack.

 

  • High blood pressure – High blood pressure can damage arteries that feed your heart. High blood pressure usually occurs due to obesity, high cholesterol or diabetes, etc.

 

  • Illegal drug use – Using stimulant drugs, such as cocaine or amphetamines, can cause contraction of your coronary arteries which increases your risk of getting a heart attack.

 

  • Lack of physical activity – Being inactive and not doing exercise also leads to high blood cholesterol levels and obesity which raise the risk of getting a heart attack.

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  • Metabolic syndrome – Metabolic syndrome is a mixture of conditions such as excess body fat around the waist, high blood sugar, increased blood pressure, and bad cholesterol or triglyceride levels which altogether leads to increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. This usually occurs when you are obese.

 

  • Obesity – Obesity can lead to high blood cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure and diabetes. Therefore, people who are obese (i.e. BMI>30) have a high probability of getting a heart attack at an early age. However, losing just 10 percent of your body weight can lower this risk.

 

  • Smoking Tobacco or long-term exposure to secondhand smoke – Smoking damages the lining of your arteries which buildup fatty material and narrows the artery.

 

  • Stress – Stress, depression and sudden shock can increase your risk of a heart attack.

Author: Hiten Patil

Hiten is Content Writer and He write about all platform like health and wellness related blog and other platform as well